The NIMH Annual International Research Conference on the Role of Families in Preventing and Adapting to HIV/AIDS is a three-day conference addressing the importance of family in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Family is defined as a network of mutual commitment. Academic researchers and service providers come together to discuss the most effective approaches to working with families that are infected or affected by HIV/AIDS. This year, the conference will be held in Nashville, TN, and the theme will be HIV Prevention and Support for Families Living in Rural Areas. The first day, Community Day, is focused on working with community providers to respond to the social context of HIV risk and enhancing the role of families in preventing and treating HIV/AIDS. Over the course of the next two days, the latest scientific findings from HIV/AIDS family-based studies will be presented in symposia, workshops, and a poster session.